Learn how you can quickly stop your car in case of brake failure
According to statistics from the American Road Safety Institute, on average, the driver presses the brake pedal 75,000 times a year. In the conditions of the city, this indicator grows many times, and for drivers who prefer aggressive driving style, even more. Under heavy load, the brake system or one of its elements becomes vulnerable and can suddenly fail. And if it happens on the go, it delivers a lot of discomfort to the driver and creates a threat both to himself and his passengers, and to other road users.
So, what to do in this case if the car is on the move without brakes?
First of all, do not panic! Too emotional reaction to this situation will only make it more dangerous.
Follow the Steps Below
1. Exert Pressure
Just because brakes are the most important safety system, it is divided into two circuits. If there is a problem in one circuit, then the second one may work. Therefore, it is necessary to continue pushing the pedal intensively for some time (in the case when it is failed and in the case of its stupor), but not constantly, but with progressive movements, creating pressure in the system.
2. Use Handbrake/Parking Brake
Pull the lever of your handbrake just half way up - this will help to slow down the car's speed.
- Note: If you pull the lever all the way up too quickly at high speed, you may lose control of the vehicle.
3. Switch to a lower gear
This will help you slow down the car using the engine. If you have an automatic gearbox, shift down to the lowest gear (usually marked as “L” or “1”). However, if you have a manual transmission, downshifts should be shifted to not more than two gears at a time. Even if you need to slow down the car as quickly as possible, try not to shift downshifts too quickly - such a sharp difference in torque can lead to loss of control of the car.
4. Use Handbrake - this time pull the lever up to the full extent
It should be used very carefully, constantly monitoring the wheel lock. Short-term switching on and as an assistant to engine braking, is not bad at all.
- Note: A car can be turned by handbrake at a speed of 40 km / h, so if you pull the parking brake at a lower speed and the wheels stand straight, the risk of a turn is small.
5. Increase Wheel Friction
If there is free space on both sides of your car, then turn from side to side. Turning increases wheel friction, which will help slow down your car. "Do not do it at high speed !!!" Sharp turns at high speed can throw up or even turn your car over. Be careful!
6. Contact Braking
You can brake on not solid obstacles, it may be drifts, chippers, bushes ..., in extreme cases, the boards of other cars.
During all the above manipulations, the main thing is not to be distracted from the road to continue driving. Always control what is in front of you and maneuver to avoid heavy collisions.
Warn other drivers and pedestrians about your malfunction as soon as possible. First, turn on the alarm. Secondly, if there are many cars around, or there are moving pedestrians, signal to maximize the attention to your problem.
Some tips to avoid brake failure
1. It’s easier and safer to prevent a future problem than suddenly realizing that there are no more brakes on the road. Listen to your car, try to feel it. The car itself will tell you that something is wrong with it.
2. Many cases of brake failure are caused by an object that is stuck under the brake pedal, such as a toy or a plastic bottle. Keep you car clean and without garbage, especially in the area around the driver's seat, this will help avoid this situation.
3. Brakes can become less effective if they get wet, especially after aquaplaning or passing through a deep puddle. After getting out of the water, press the brakes moderately, release them, wait a bit, and then press again. This will help you dry them.
4. You can avoid brake failure by constantly checking the fluid level in the brake system and replacing it as recommended by the manufacturer.
5. Before each trip, with the engine running, depress the brake pedal and hold for a few seconds. If the pedal has become softer than usual, or even gradually goes to the floor then there is a reason to think about the serviceability of the brakes.
6. From time to time, inspect the asphalt or snow under the car. The presence of puddles under the wheels may be due to leaking brakes.
7. And finally, if you are just confused by the behavior of the machine as a whole, and the brakes in particular, stop and see if everything is normal.
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