Aware yourselves with these safety measures that could help reduce or prevent any possible damage or injury.
Do you know what to do in the event of an earthquake?The earthquake is a risk where there is no possible alert because no one knows when and where the next earthquake will take place. Though most earthquakes are weakly felt, but sometimes the shaking gets more violent. So, it is necessary, in the event of a major earthquake, that everyone knows the safety instructions to adopt which can help to avoid serious behavioral errors.
During An Earthquake
When Inside A Premises
- Stay inside and lower yourself to shelter under a heavy piece of furniture such as a desk, table, or bed.
- Your head is the most fragile part of your body and must, therefore, be protected at all costs. So, cover your head and torso to protect yourself from anything that could fall on you.
- If you are unable to hide under something solid then squat down along an interior wall and protect your head and neck with pillows or your arms at worst.
- Stay away from the loose objects as they could tip over, slide on the floor, or be thrown violently across the room.
- Do not stay under any unstabilized light fixtures or ceiling panels as they may fall.
- Move away from windows or glazing as the first thing that is prone to breaking due to pressure and vibration are glass objects.
- If you happen to be in an elevator during an earthquake, then press all the buttons and exit as soon as the door opens.
- Know where the main gas, water, and electricity switches, and valves are located and how to turn them off.
- If you are on the ground floor, and not far from a sufficiently large open space (courtyard, tree-less garden, etc.) run towards this open space, keeping in mind that you only have a few seconds before the shock becomes destructive.
When Outside Of Premises
- Stay outside and move as far away as possible from buildings, trees, and power lines.
- Squat down and protect your head with your bag, suitcase, or your hands at worst.
- If you are in a busy public place, take refuge in a place where you will not be walked on.
- If you are in a mountainous region, or near an unstable slope or a cliff, watch out for landslides, which often follow earthquakes.
- Earthquakes can cause large ocean waves called tsunamis. So, if you are near a shore in an area at risk during a strong earthquake, head immediately inland or higher ground and wait until the authorities have declared that the area is safe again.
After The Earthquake
- If the phones in your home or work are working, make short calls to report life-threatening emergencies.
- Detect and put out small fires, since fires are the most common hazards after an earthquake.
- Do not try to move seriously injured people, unless there is an immediate risk of another injury (falling wall, etc.).
- Do not use matches or turn on lights until you are sure that there is no gas leakage and no flammable liquid has been spilled.
- If there is still running water, fill clean containers in case the water is cut off. Also, don't forget that you can get water from the water heater, the toilet flush tank, the ice cubes, and the frost in the refrigerator.
- Do not clutter the streets, leave them free for emergency vehicles. Do not act like an onlooker to see what the rescue team is doing and make and request others to give space the rescue team to perform their duty without any hindrance. Do not go to damaged areas unless relief organizations ask for your help.
As A Good Practice
- Attach large appliances, such as refrigerators, to walls.
- Do not hang frames or other heavy objects at the head of the beds.
- Avoid placing heavy objects on tall furniture, on consoles, or on shelves.
- Store combustible and flammable liquids away from exits.
- Closing curtains and blinds will prevent broken glass from reaching towards you inside the room.
- Secure items in the garage to reduce the risk of a hazardous material getting spilled that could damage your vehicle.
Also, you can consult a professional to learn about other ways to protect your home, such as securing it to the foundation, and other techniques to improve the structure.
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